Frequently Asked Questions - Frequently Asked Questions

FAQs - Frequently Asked Questions

Experts define infertility as not being able to get pregnant after trying for atleast a year. This is a disease of the reproductive system that impairs the body’s ability to conceive children. Women who are also able to get pregnant but have repeat miscarriages are also said to be infertile.

There have been enough studies these days that no one can be blamed for infertility any more than anyone is to blame for diabetes or cancer. Factors from both men and women can be attributed to a couple’s inability to conceive.  About one third of couples its factors that affect women, another one third is factors that affect men and the rest of the infertile couples its caused by a combination of problems in both partners.
For men the main factor of infertility is azoospermia which is a condition where no sperm are produced and aligospermia where few sperm cells are produced. Sometimes sperms are malformed or they die before they reach the egg. The most common female infertility factors are an ovulation disorder, blocked fallopian tubes which can occur when a woman has had pelvic inflammatory disease. Other causes are birth defects involving the structure of the uterus and uterine fibroids which are mostly associated with repeated miscarriages.

The only sure way to diagnose infertility is through seeking medical help if a couple is unable to conceive after a period of a year. The doctor will conduct physical examination of both the partners to determine their physical health. For women the tests that are called out are analysis of body temperature and ovulation, x-ray of the fallopian tubes and uterus, and laparoscopy. For men initial tests focus on semen analysis to check the count and quality of the sperm.

About 85 to 90 percent of infertility cases are treated with conventional therapies such as drug treatments or surgical repair of reproductive organs

For couples where women have blocked or absent fallopian tubes or men have low sperm count in vitro fertilization gives these couples a chance to have a child.
In IVF eggs are surgically removed from the ovary and mixed with sperm in a petri dish. After about 40 hours the eggs are examined to see if they have been fertilized by the sperm and are divided into cells. The fertilized eggs are called embryos are then placed in the woman’s uterus therefore bypassing the fallopian tubes.

The number and quality of a mans sperm can be affected by his overall health and life style. Below is a list of a few things that may reduce the number and quality of sperm.

  • Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • Environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Health problems
  • Radiation treatment and chemotherapy


Some of the things that attribute to a woman’s inability to have a child include:

  • Age
  • Stress
  • Poor diet
  • Athletic training
  • Weight issues
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Alcohol
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Health problems that cause hormonal changes


Infertility often creates on of the most distressing life crises a couple has faced. The long term inability to conceive a child can evoke significant feelings of loss. Coping with the multitude of medical decisions, high cost of treatment, and the uncertainties that infertility brings can cause emotional friction among the couples. Many couples experience anxiety, depression, and feelings of being out of control or isolated from society.

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